What is Autism? Symptoms and Types
What do we understand by the term Autism?
A child who is challenged with social skills, speech, mental condition, difficulty in mingling with other people, or communicating with others is known to have Autism. In other terms it is described as a developmental disorder which affects the speaking or interacting ability of a child.
Autism is technically known as Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Now that we have understood whatAutism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) means, let us peek into the types of Autism.
ASD is divided into 3 types namely
This type is most commonly understood by the general public. Delay in speaking, understanding, or reading a language, communication challenges, unusual interests, not so common behavior, such are the signs of a child/adult facing this type of autism.
A child or an adult having unusual interest, issues in behavioural aspects, and/or facing social challenges, but have no communication, language, or intellectual issues are known to have Asperger syndrome.
Pervasive Developmental Disorder not otherwise specified (PDD-NOS)
This type of autism is also known as a typical autism. Children or adults facing communication or social challenges are known to have Pervasive Developmental Disorder (PDD). They are diagnosed to have only fewer attributes of Autistic disorder and Asperger Syndrome.
ASD symptoms are sometime diagnosed as early as 5months in a child up to a person’s life. Some children show up the signs and symptoms of autism at 5 months of birth, some at 18 months, and some at 24 months and so on. However, autism does not have a particular age as it may also begin after 2 years of age for a child who has been normal or usual. Hence, only correct observation and right diagnosis lead to the right conclusion.
Two of the common symptoms of autism are social communication and repetitive behavior.
Verbal and non verbal, both, contribute towards communication disability. For instance; gestures, eye contact, spoken language, expressions, all become difficult for an ASD child/adult to communicate. In return, it is also difficult for them to understand or recognize the other person’s emotions, speech, feeling, or actions. Well, if these were termed as social challenges, now look into the challenges of repetitive behavior.
It is the most commonly recognized symptom of an autistic child/adult. Continuous and repetitive motion or action like; snapping, clapping, running to and fro, or using an object repetitively than usual, spinning objects, unusual interest in certain matters, etc, all contribute towards repetitive behavior.
Apart from these major symptoms there are others that are distinguished as an autistic symptom. Here are a few:
– Pretending to play games or doing actions in relation to their illusions
– Answering to questions that don’t have any relevance
– Avoiding having an eye contact with the speaker
– Interests that gets deeper than usual/obsessive about something they are interested about
– Showing different reactions to the sounds, look, feel, etc.
The causes and risks of autism is researched in great lengths, hence contributing towards proper observation and diagnosis of the type of autism in children leads to better understanding of their living and one can overcome the challenges with a positive hope.